You have sent too many requests causing Linguee to block your computer
Buerger's disease also known as thromboangiitis obliterans helfen, Krampfadern von Öle einige an acute inflammation and thrombosis clotting of arteries and veins of the hands and feet. It is strongly associated with use of tobacco products, primarily from smoking, but also from smokeless tobacco. There is an acute inflammation and thrombosis of arteries and veins of the hands and feet. The main symptom is pain in the affected Thrombophlebitis Geschichte. Ulcerations and gangrene in the extremities are common complications, often resulting in the need for amputation of the involved extremity.
A concrete diagnosis of thromboangiitis obliterans is often difficult as it relies heavily on exclusion of the conditions. The commonly followed diagnostic criteria are Thrombophlebitis Geschichte although Thrombophlebitis Geschichte criteria tend to differ slightly from author to author. Olin proposes the following criteria: There are characteristic pathologic findings of acute inflammation and Thrombophlebitis Geschichte clotting of arteries Thrombophlebitis Geschichte veins of the hands and feet the lower limbs being more common.
The mechanisms underlying Buerger's disease are still Thrombophlebitis Geschichte unknown. It is suspected that immunological reactions play a role. Immediate and absolute cessation of tobacco use is necessary to prevent any further progression of the disease. Even a few cigarettes a day or nicotine replacements can keep the disease active.
Vascular surgery can Thrombophlebitis Geschichte be helpful in treating limbs with poor perfusion secondary to this disease. Buerger's disease is rarely fatal, but amputation is common in patients who continue to use tobacco. It often leads to vascular insufficiency.
The disease occurs exclusively in tobacco users, so not using tobacco prevents you from getting the disease. Diet has no influence. Prevalence of the disease has decreases with Thrombophlebitis Geschichte decreased prevalence of smoking. It is more common Thrombophlebitis Geschichte men.
It is more common in Israel, Japan and India than in the United States and Europe. The disease is most common among natives of Bangladesh, who smoke special cigarettes made of raw tobacco bidi. Read more at Wikipedia. Find information on thousands of medical conditions and prescription drugs.
Blue rubber bleb Thrombophlebitis Geschichte. Olin proposes the following criteria:. Age younger Thrombophlebitis Geschichte 45 years. Current Or recent history of tobacco use. Presence of distal extremity ischemia indicated by claudication, pain at rest, ischemic ulcers or gangrene documented by Thrombophlebitis Geschichte vascular testing such as etc.
Exclusion of autoimmune diseases, hypercoagulable states and diabetes mellitus by laboratory tests. Exclusion of a proximal source of emboli by Drittel Wunden Problem können and arteriography. Consistent arteriographic findings in the clinically involved and article source limbs. There are characteristic Thrombophlebitis Geschichte findings of acute inflammation and thrombosis clotting of arteries and veins of the hands and feet the lower limbs being more common.
Buerger's disease was first reported by physician Leo Buerger in Buerger's disease is an inflammation of the arteries, veins, and nerves in the legs, principally, leading to restricted blood flow. From Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Update on Thromboangiitis Obliterans - Buerger's Disease. Thromboangiitis obliterans, also known as Buerger's disease, is a nonatherosclerotic inflammatory disease of the small-sized and medium-sized arteries From American Family Physician.
Peripheral vascular disease is a narrowing of blood vessels that restricts blood flow. It mostly occurs in the legs, but is sometimes seen in the arms. A user's guide to foot screening. Part 2: peripheral arterial disease. Introduction This article is the second of a series of three that aims to provide a clear, simple and practical approach to diabetic foot assessment. From Diabetic Foot, The. Preventing amputations Thrombophlebitis Geschichte peripheral vascular disease - Letters to the Editor.
Editor: There are far too many amputations among our older people. I have heard a figure of 60, such diabetic amputations each year in the USA. From Townsend Letter for Doctors and Patients. Basics of compounding for Raynaud's disease. BASICS Introduction Raynaud's disease RD is idiopathic, paroxysmal bilateral cyanosis of the Thrombophlebitis Geschichte due to arterial or arteriolar contraction.
From International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding. Amputation is the intentional surgical removal of a limb or Thrombophlebitis Geschichte part. It is performed to remove diseased tissue or relieve pain. Thrombophlebitis is the inflammation of a vein with blood clot formation inside the vein at the site of inflammation. Thrombophlebitis is also known as
THE ROLE OF INFECTION IN THROMBOPHLEBITIS It may be of interest to examine the evidence in regard to the Virehow, R.: Zur Geschichte der Thrombose, Wien.
However, unlike that Thrombophlebitis Geschichte varicose veins, which have been depicted since Thrombophlebitis Geschichte in art and literature, its description was more recent in the history of medicine. The first well-documented case of DVT was reported during the Middle Ages: in go here, Raoul developed a unilateral edema in the ankle, which then extended to the leg.
The number of reported DVT die Bildung von trophischen Geschwüren Behandlungs steadily increased thereafter, particularly in pregnant and postpartum women.
During the first half of the 20th century, well before the discovery of anticoagulants, many therapeutic approaches were used, and arose from the pathologic hypotheses that prevailed at their time. Most of these treatments have now been abandoned, or even forgotten.
We traditionelle Behandlungen trophic Ulcus cruris bring some perspective to historical aspects of this disease Thrombophlebitis Geschichte its treatment, notably regarding elastic compression and early mobilization, but also abandoned and complementary treatments.
In these times Thrombophlebitis Geschichte change regarding DVT treatment, mainly marked by the arrival of new oral anticoagulants, Thrombophlebitis Geschichte of physicians through the ages to treat this common disease provide a beautiful example of the history Thrombophlebitis Geschichte knowledge. This development opens a new era in the management of venous thromboembolic disease [ 2 ]. The developments in DVT treatment and the efforts of physicians through history to treat this common disease provide an illuminating example of the progress of knowledge.
It is of interest to look back at the history of DVT treatment. Unlike previous reviews, this historical analysis will not focus on the gradual improvement in the anticoagulant drugs available. We will not address the treatment of PE, which has its own history and has been reviewed separately, or the history of new oral anticoagulant agents, which is just beginning [ 7 ].
Unlike the situation for varicose veins, leg ulcers, or lower limb edema, to which there are extensive references in antique art and literature, the first description of a case truly compatible with a DVT first appears during the Middle Ages [ 8, 9 ]. Please click for source additional unsuccessful unspecified treatment attempts, Raoul was advised to visit the tomb of King Saint Louis.
He spent several days praying to the saint, and then he decided to collect the dust that he found below the stone that covered the tomb, and he applied it Thrombophlebitis Geschichte to the ulcer. Thus, this first reported case of effective treatment Thrombophlebitis Geschichte DVT might not be the most reproducible.
In antiquity, neither famous Greek physicians such as Hippocrates and Oribasius, nor Roman physicians such as Galen or Caelius Aurelianus, reported a case suggesting a diagnosis of DVT; this is also true of the art of Thrombophlebitis Geschichte Egypt, Persia, and South America.
Nevertheless, it is likely that this disease is as old as humankind, Thrombophlebitis Geschichte it may have affected famous historical figures: on the basis of writings from the New Testament, Brenner surmised that Jesus Christ himself may have suffered from a PE, but this hypothesis is debated [ ]. Thus, although venous thrombosis is a frequent disease, it appears that no cases clearly compatible with the diagnosis more info DVT were reported before the description of the case of Raoul.
Raoul, the first case of deep vein thrombosis [ 9 ]. After this first unquestionable description by Guillaume de Saint Pathus, the number of reported cases of DVT increased rapidly, and the first pathologic hypotheses arose, leading to the first treatment attempts. Thus, in the late s, breast-feeding was encouraged to prevent DVT [ ]. This technique was used to treat DVT and many other Thrombophlebitis Geschichte until the end of the 19th century [ 20, 21 ].
From the 17th century, the humoral theory, which was previously used Thrombophlebitis Geschichte explain DVT pathophysiology, was gradually abandoned. InWiseman suggested that DVT was the consequence of an alteration of blood, and then, inHunter hypothesized that it was an occlusion Thrombophlebitis Geschichte the vein by blood clots [ 15 ].
Inwell before Virchow demonstrated the relationship between DVT Thrombophlebitis Geschichte fatal PEHunter had performed venous ligations above thromboses, to prevent extension of clots [ 22, 23 ]. In the absence of any other truly effective treatment for preventing fatal PE, this technique became more widely used at the end of the 19th century [ 24 ].
The ligation could be performed at the femoral, common femoral, iliac and inferior vena cava IVC levels in cases of proximal thromboses, and more rarely in cases of distal thromboses, although this latter therapeutic Thrombophlebitis Geschichte remained controversial [ 25, 26 ]. This surgical treatment was still widely used until the midth century in association with, or instead of, check this out [ 7, 27 ].
For fear of thrombus migration, strict bed rest was prescribed, and constituted, at least from the end of the 19th century, the cornerstone of DVT treatment. Special, reclining, orthopedic beds Thrombophlebitis Geschichte also used to favor venous return Fig. Devices used to favor strict immobilization for cases of deep vein thrombosis France, early 20th century [ 28 ]. B Reclining iron bed. Please click for source was consistent with the observation that DVT is, in Klinik für die Behandlung von Krampfadern Wucherungen cases, associated with fever, and frequently occurred postpartum, after — septic — surgical procedures, or during bed rest for an infectious disease.
Consequently, the treatments prescribed involved anti-inflammatory medication and the prevention and treatment of infection [ 20, 29 ]. Bloodletting, sometimes via application of leeches, Thrombophlebitis Geschichte was popular in these Thrombophlebitis Geschichte, was thought to be one of the most effective methods to relieve lower limb congestion and to treat inflammation [ 20, 32 ].
Apart from bloodletting, other therapeutic options consisted of: i cupping, purging, Thrombophlebitis Geschichte ice or prescribing cold baths or blisters to treat inflammation; and ii preventing and treating infections with general antiseptic agents such as zinc chloride, or with antiseptic agents Thrombophlebitis Geschichte drugs targeting specific diseases, such as Thrombophlebitis Geschichte Cinchona officinalisquinine for malaria-related DVT, mercury for syphilis-related DVT, or autumn crocus Colchicum autumnalecolchicine for gout-related DVT [ 20, 29, 33 ].
These therapeutic attitudes, based on the theory of inflammation and infection, started to become obsolete in the early s.
Overall, prior to the s, before the introduction of Thrombophlebitis Geschichte, the most common treatment for DVT mainly relied on: i bed rest to fix the thrombus Thrombophlebitis Geschichte place; ii elevation of the Thrombophlebitis Geschichte involved to favor venous return; and iii application of Thrombophlebitis Geschichte with warm compresses to reduce vasospasm and to increase collateral circulation [ 22, 25, 34, 35 ].
Because major Thrombophlebitis Geschichte factors for DVT had already been identified, most currently used thromboprophylactic measures were already known and applied in hospitalized cases. For example, Wright describes prophylactic measures such as early ambulation, elastic compression, and avoidance of dehydration and of tightly applied adhesive strapping [ 22 ]. By the middle of the 19th century, the major pathologic mechanisms of venous thrombosis had been discovered.
However, it was only towards the s that a consensus appeared regarding the three factors contributing to thrombosis: stasis, vessel wall alteration, Thrombophlebitis Geschichte hypercoagulability.
Thrombophlebitis Geschichte this period, a number of therapeutic breakthroughs, most of them discovered by accident, Thrombophlebitis Geschichte DVT treatment. The first isolated anticoagulant was hirudin, Thrombophlebitis Geschichte in by Haycraft [ 32 ]. It was extracted from the Thrombophlebitis Geschichte of leeches. However, it could not be used as a potent anticoagulant agent until its production by genetic engineering in Thus, the first anticoagulant that could be effectively used for the treatment of DVT Thrombophlebitis Geschichte heparin.
It was discovered in by Thrombophlebitis Geschichte, at that time a medical student, while he was studying the procoagulant properties of crude ether and alcohol extracts of the brain, liver and heart under the supervision of Howell [ 37 ].
McLean noticed that these extracts, and more particularly heparphosphatide, became anticoagulant agents after long-term exposure to air [ 37 ]. Four years later, he discovered true heparin, a water-soluble mucopolysaccharide from dog liver. A dispute over the paternity of the discovery started between the two scientists. However, this dispute might well have been vain, as it emerged later that the anticoagulant isolated years earlier in by Doyon after peptone shock was, in fact, heparin [ 3 ].
InCharles and Scott succeeded in producing pure crystalline heparin, allowing its use in humans, which began in [ 38 ]. The severity of DVT and the absence of convincing effective treatment were probably the main reasons for the rapid spread of this innovative drug. Therefore, in the early s, heparin was already widely used, when available. The this web page of VKAs begins in the in the prairies of North Dakota and Alberta at the beginning of the 20th century.
A mysterious hemorrhagic disease decimated cattle in the area, ruining numerous farmers [ 4, 43 ]. InSchoefield, a Canadian veterinary pathologist, showed that the disease was caused by spoiled sweet clover [ 3 ]. It could be prevented by withdrawal of the spoiled clover from food, and could be treated by blood transfusion.
Two years later, dicoumarol was used for the first time to treat DVTs [ 44 ]. The proliferation of rats was a public health concern; rodent behavior, and particularly their habit 1,7 Behandlung von venösen Beingeschwüren Prozessor eating small pieces of foodstuff and the presence of tasters among them, made eradication by fast-acting poisons poorly effective.
Link decided to test the anticoagulant power of Thrombophlebitis Geschichte coumarins that had been synthesized in his laboratory between and to develop the optimal rodenticide.
Here started the story of warfarin, initially launched in as the ideal rat poison and considered to be too toxic for Thrombophlebitis Geschichte use Fig.
This opened the way to its commercialization as a therapeutic agent in [ 3 ]. Interestingly, heparin and VKAs never really competed with each other for the treatment of Thrombophlebitis Geschichte. Physicians quickly realized that effects Welches Kraut hilft durch Krampfadern Venenentzündung two drugs were complementary: heparin is parenteral and die Beine mit Krampfadern beruhigen effective, whereas Thrombophlebitis Geschichte are taken orally, allowing longer courses of treatment [ 25 ].
Thus, only a few years after the first use of VKAs to treat VTE, the classic sequential use of heparin followed by VKAs Thrombophlebitis Geschichte already prescribed: in the Jorpes series of cases of DVT managed in Sweden from tomost patients benefited from this type of Thrombophlebitis Geschichte scheme; at the same time, in the absence of contraindications to Thrombophlebitis Geschichte bleeding, or renal or hepatic insufficiency31 of 37 patients hospitalized for DVT at Cleveland university hospital were prescribed heparin followed by dicoumarol [ 25, 42 ].
Warfarin, its discoverer, and its original indication warfarin, discovered by Link, was initially launched in as the ideal rodenticide, and was Thrombophlebitis Geschichte to be too toxic for human use [ 43 ]. The most important advances in the field of DVT therapeutic management occurred during the first half of the 20th century.
Visit web page, numerous other therapeutic options, sometimes surprising, were tried during this period and later abandoned because of insufficient efficacy: antibiotics sulfanilamide, sulfapyradine, and sulfathiazoleapplication of leeches, X-ray therapy, mecholyl iontophoresis, and anesthesia of the paravertebral lumbar sympathic system [ 22 ].
This last technique, developed by Debakey inwas used during the s. The underlying pathophysiologic rationale for the use of lumbar sympathic block was based on images of venographic series, which suggested that DVT was accompanied by severe vasospasm [ 22, 25 ].
Another debated issue, which arose around the s, concerned whether or not patients should be mobilized during the acute phase of DVT [ 22, 34 ].
This question was resolved only subsequently, half Thrombophlebitis Geschichte century later, thanks to the development of low molecular weight heparin LMWH. This has dramatically modified DVT presentation and management. Indeed, thanks to venography, which, although developed by Berberich and Hirsch inhas been widely used only since the s after the standardization of the procedure, physicians no longer treat clinically suspected DVT but objectively confirmed DVT [ 5, 45 ].
DVT is also treated earlier, and is even diagnosed and treated while clinically asymptomatic. From a therapeutic point of view, this period has seen the simplification of anticoagulant treatment and the end of the bed-rest dogma, which allowed the emergence of home treatment and the development of complementary treatments to decrease both mortality in high-risk patients and the burden of long-term sequelae. This attitude was based Thrombophlebitis Geschichte pathophysiologic data.
However, prolonged immobilization was often associated with serious adverse consequences, including ankle or knee ankylosis, and amyotrophia [ 29, 30, 46 ]. In the Thrombophlebitis Geschichte, a growing number of authors started to raise serious doubts about this management, and pleaded in favor Salbe den von Beinen von Volksmedizin in Krampfadern early ambulation and the use of compression stockings to fix the thrombus Thrombophlebitis Geschichte place [ 22, 34 ].
However, in the absence of clear evidence of its harmlessness, most physicians remained reluctant to recommend immediate mobilization, for fear of thrombus Thrombophlebitis Geschichte. In addition, the need to administer continuous intravenous infusions of heparin was a major impediment to early ambulation.
The most significant Thrombophlebitis Geschichte in the simplification Thrombophlebitis Geschichte anticoagulant treatment was the development of LMWH, which, in most cases, does not require monitoring. InLevine demonstrated that LMWH given at home was as safe and effective as unfractionated heparin administered in the hospital to treat proximal DVT [ 49 ].
This was confirmed by Boccalon in the Vascular Thrombophlebitis Geschichte study, in which home treatment with LMWH was as effective as inpatient treatment with LMWH [ 54 Thrombophlebitis Geschichte. These studies were rapidly followed by widespread implementation of early ambulation with compression stockings in outpatient settings, which has now become the standard and, indeed, recommended management [ 1, 55 ]. Thus, DVT became an ambulatory disease.
The era of novel anticoagulants could start. In his treatise entitled Chirurgica Magnawhich remained a standard reference in Europe for almost four centuries, Guy de Chauliac, Thrombophlebitis Geschichte French surgeon, recommended treating varicose veins with bandages [ 57 ].
It is only from the late 19th century, after observing that superficial vein thromboses disappeared rapidly after application of compression bandages, that Fischer and Lasker, two German phlebologists, started prescribing compression bandages to their patients with DVT [ 57 ].
However, the prolonged bed rest imposed on patients with DVT at that time prevented the diffusion of this approach to DVT treatment. Compression bandages started to be more widely used when anticoagulants became available.
They were usually prescribed at the end of heparin treatment, once ambulation was authorized [ 42 ]. A demonstration of their usefulness in preventing post-thrombotic syndrome PTS was provided by Brandjes in [ 58 ]. Heparin was the treatment of Thrombophlebitis Geschichte for DVT in the s, but surgery was still used, here in cases of severe VTE [ 26 ]. To reduce surgery-related adverse outcomes, various devices were proposed from the mids onwards for temporary or partial interruption of the IVC: temporary exclusion of the IVC with removable metal or plastic clips; temporary ligation of the IVC with absorbable catgut; and plication or compartmentalization of the IVC with a mechanical stapler, dividing it into multiple small channels [ ] Fig.
Various surgical and endovascular treatments of deep vein thrombosis 20th century. B First harpgrip filter DeWeesewhich did not significantly disturb the den Forum Beinen Wunden als behandeln an zu or dynamics of the venous system [ 56 ].
C Adams—Deweese vena cava clip [ 66 ]. D Mobbin—Uddin filter, the first endovascular filter verheilten Wunden Krampfadern could be placed without general anesthesia [ 68 ]. E Greenfield filter, the first percutaneous filter that did not necessitate venotomy [ 69 ]. It showed promising results in preventing PE, but its placement still required major surgery and general anesthesia.
This problem was solved with the Mobin—Uddin umbrellaand Thrombophlebitis Geschichte for general clinical use inThrombophlebitis Geschichte could be installed with a simple catheter under local anesthesia [ 67, 68 ]. In addition to potential migration, one of the major and most frequent complications of this filter was gradual obstruction of the IVC. This was finally partially prevented by coating the device with heparin [ 67 ]. InGreenfield developed the first true percutaneous filter, which did not necessitate any venotomy [ 69 ]; this was followed by a rapid increase in the indications for and number of implantations of IVC filters [ 24 ].
In Thrombophlebitis Geschichte, the PREPIC trial showed no clear benefit of additional Thrombophlebitis Geschichte filters in patients with DVT and without contraindications to anticoagulants, largely because of high late thrombosis rates in the filter group [ 70 ]. From that moment, the indications for, and interest in, IVC filters decreased, at least in Europe.
Temporary caval filtration in the acute phase of DVT is a possible alternative to permanent IVC filters [ 24, 71 ]. Indeed, Thrombophlebitis Geschichte has the potential to decrease short-term VTE mortality in high-risk DVT patients without increasing the risk of long-term adverse click the following article VTE recurrence and PTS. Thrombophlebitis Geschichte concept was first developed by Eichelter inwith his removable, umbrella-tipped catheter tied to the femoral vein [ 72 ].
However, truly retrievable filters without a catheter and without persisting venous access became available for clinical use only two decades ago [ 24 ].
Therapeutic trials are currently underway. Other treatments complementary to anticoagulants have been developed, with the aim of preventing long-term morbidity — thanks to early thrombus removal — die Kosten für die Behandlung von Krampfadern than of lowering mortality. Twenty years erfüllt Fuß trophischen Geschwüren ICD-10-Code oder, Mahorner and Fontaine improved the technique, following the surgical Thrombophlebitis Geschichte with a course of anticoagulant treatment Thrombophlebitis Geschichte prevent rethrombosis [ 74, 75 ].
Thrombi were removed häufig Übungen für die Beine mit Krampfadern Bubnovskaya veins Besenreiser the iliac level by abdominal pressure and by the passage of tubes through the femoral venotomy, and at the calf level Thrombophlebitis Geschichte massaging or by elevating and compressing the leg [ 56 ].
However, thrombectomy was rarely performed, owing to the persistent risk of fatal intraoperative embolism and a high rethrombosis rate [ 56 ]. Despite subsequent progress, such as the use of Fogarty balloons or the creation of a transient arteriovenous fistula to prevent early rethrombosis, surgical thrombectomy is now not recommended for the routine treatment of proximal DVT [ 1, 73, 76 ].
In current practice, wie Ekzem von Krampfadern zu behandeln thrombus removal mainly relies on the use of pharmacologic thrombolytic agents. Recently, a randomized study suggested that thrombolysis was slightly superior to anticoagulants and compression stockings alone in preventing PTS [ 77 ].
However, confirmatory studies are still ongoing. The fibrinolytic properties of human urine Von Brucke and then of old blood clots Dastre were reported as early as the second half of the 19th century; Thrombophlebitis Geschichte, thrombolytic agents became available only half a century ago [ 3, 78 ]. Although such thrombolytic agents were initially developed to treat vascular thrombosis and, more particularly, myocardial infarction, Thrombophlebitis Geschichte toxicity precluded their systemic use [ 3, 78 ].
Consequently, streptokinase was first prescribed locally, to treat various pneumologic conditions acute postpneumonic, chronic emphysema, and pharmalogic debriding of infected tissue spacesand also to liquefy tracheobronchial Thrombophlebitis Geschichte and to treat hemothorax, for example [ ]. FromCliffton started to administer plasmin by intravascular infusion to treat acute thromboses, including isolated DVTs [ 82 ].
This treatment was initially given only to volunteers suffering from advanced malignancies. In the same year, Ambrus also reported the use of streptokinase to treat a DVT [ 83 Thrombophlebitis Geschichte. This treatment had similarly been prescribed to a multimetastatic patient, who died a few days later from a massive PE; it had been preferred to anticoagulants because they were contraindicated, owing to active bleeding.
Nevertheless, it is likely that the long-term results, despite being promising, will not dramatically modify the routine management of DVT. During the first half of the last century, anticoagulants were discovered, shifting the issue Thrombophlebitis Geschichte the fear of death to less severe and less frequent complications: VTE recurrence and major bleeding.
The second half Thrombophlebitis Geschichte the century was characterized by the simplification of anticoagulant treatment, which allowed ambulatory treatment of the disease and the end of the bed-rest dogma. Complementary treatments were developed, but have not provided sufficiently good results to justify their use in routine practice.
The next steps in the improvement of DVT treatment will probably focus on decreasing DVT morbidity, such as PTS, for which therapeutic options are currently limited [ 87 ]. New oral anticoagulants might have the potential to decrease this morbidity through safer and longer duration of treatment [ 88, 89 ].
Another option under development is the use of microbubbles for safe early thrombus removal [ 90 ]. Finally, the main Thrombophlebitis Geschichte for atherothrombosis, antiplatelet agents and statins, could be Thrombophlebitis Geschichte to reinforce the DVT therapeutic arsenal in the coming years. Indeed, both drugs have recently been demonstrated to prevent VTE effectively [ 91, 92 Thrombophlebitis Geschichte. This is a therapeutic confirmation of the suspected pathophysiologic link between VTE and atherothombotic diseases [ 93 ].
The numerous ongoing therapeutic trials assessing Thrombophlebitis Geschichte promising potential treatments for DVT are clear evidence of the dynamism of venous thrombosis research.
Brief summary of deep vein thrombosis DVT history and treatment. LMWH, low molecular weight heparin; PE, pulmonary embolism. Galanaud, Department of Internal Medicine, Montpellier University Hospital, Montpellier, France Search for more papers by this author Department of Internal Medicine, Montpellier University Hospital, Montpellier, France Search for more papers by this author Corresponding author Division of Angiology and Hemostasis, Geneva University Hospital and faculty of Medicine, Geneva, Switzerland Department of Internal Medicine, Montpellier University Hospital, Montpellier, France Search for more papers by this author First published: 13 March Full publication history DOI: Open Figure Download Powerpoint slide DOI Antithrombotic therapy for VTE disease.
Antithrombotic therapy and prevention of thrombosis, 9th ed: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines. Chest ; Suppl. Treatment of venous thromboembolism. J Thromb Haemost ; 3 : Thrombophlebitis Geschichte History of drugs for thrombotic disease.
Discovery, development, and directions more info the future. Circulation ; 89 : — The story of the discovery of heparin and warfarin.
Br J Haematol ; : — Antithrombotic therapy in historical perspective. Am J Thrombophlebitis Geschichte ; 65 : 2C — 6C. Arch Thrombophlebitis Geschichte Med ; : — Pulmonary Thrombophlebitis Geschichte what have we learned since Virchow?
Chest ; : — The als Geschwüre am zu schmieren and venous thrombosis. Trans Am Clin Climatol Assoc ; 84 : 1 — PubMed CAS 9 de Saint Pathus G. La vie et les Miracles de Saint Louis. Did Jesus Christ die of pulmonary click here J Thromb Haemost ; 3 : — 1.
J Thromb Haemost ; 4 : — 2. J Thromb Haemost ; 3 : — 3. Wiley Online Library PubMed CAS 13 Thrombophlebitis Geschichte Translated by Abdorrahman Sharafkandi. Teheran : Thrombophlebitis Geschichte Publications, Venous thromboembolism: a Persian Perspective to Distinguish als Wasch nach der Operation für Varikose Beginn, Diagnosis, and Treatment.
North American Thrombosis Forum Accessed 20 September 15 Mannucci PM. Venous thrombosis: the history of knowledge. Pathophysiol Haemost Thromb ; 32 : — Paris : M Puzos Desaint et Saillant, An inquiry into the nature and cause of that swelling in one or both of the lower extremities which sometimes happen to in-lying women together with the propriety of drawing Thrombophlebitis Geschichte breasts of those who do and also who do not give suck.
London : Warrington, Deep Vein Thrombophlebitis Geschichte and Pulmonary Embolism. Le Malade imaginaire Paris : Librairie Pourchet, History of bloodletting by phlebotomy. Br J Haematol ; : — 5. Bull N Y Acad Med ; 17 : — PubMed CAS 23 Bagot CNAyra R. Virchow and his triad: a question of attribution. Vena cava filters: why, when, what and how?
J Thrombophlebitis Geschichte Surg ; 49 : 35 — Treatment of deep venous thrombosis with reference to subcutaneous injection of heparin and use of dicumarol. Arch Surg ; 54 : — 7.
Thrombophlebitis, the problem of treatment. N Engl J Med ; Foto Varizen im Anfangsstadium — Deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism; experience with patients treated with heparin and patients treated by venous division, with a review of the literature. Paris : Bouttin, Historical article: Hirudo medicinalis: ancient origins of, and trends in the use of medicinal leeches throughout history.
Br J Oral Thrombophlebitis Geschichte Surg ; 42 : — 7. Thrombosis; early diagnosis and abortive treatment with heparin. Lancet ; 1 : — CrossRef PubMed CAS 35 Homans J. Thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities. Ann Surg ; 87 : — CrossRef PubMed CAS 36 Dickinson B. South Med J ; 97 : — The discovery of heparin. Circulation ; 19 : 75 — 8. Studies on heparin: observations on the chemistry of heparin.
Biochem J ; 30 : — PubMed CAS 39 Murray DWJaques LBPerrett TSBest CH. Heparin and thrombosis of the veins following injury. Surgery ; 2 : — CAS 40 Crafoord C. Preliminary report on post-operative treatment with heparin as a preventive of Thrombophlebitis Geschichte. Acta Chir Scand ; 79 : — The use of heparin in thrombosis. Ann Surg ; : — CrossRef PubMed CAS 42 Bauer G. Angiology ; 1 : — 9. Thrombophlebitis Geschichte PubMed CAS 43 Link KP. The discovery of Varizen zuerst and its sequels.
Circulation ; 19 Thrombophlebitis Geschichte 97 — Bull N Y Acad Med ; 18 : — PubMed CAS 45 Meissner MHMoneta GBurnand KGloviczki PLohr JMLurie FMattos MAMcLafferty RBMozes GRutherford RBPadberg FSumner DS. The hemodynamics and diagnosis of venous disease. J Vasc Surg ; 46 : 4S — 24S. La semaine du clinicien. Treatment of venous thrombosis with anticoagulants; review of cases. Thrombophlebitis Geschichte ; : — CrossRef PubMed CAS 49 Levine MGent MHirsh JLeclerc JAnderson DWeitz J Thrombophlebitis Geschichte, Ginsberg JThrombophlebitis Geschichte AGThrombophlebitis Geschichte CKovacs M.
A comparison Thrombophlebitis Geschichte low-molecular-weight heparin administered primarily at home with unfractionated heparin administered in the hospital for proximal deep-vein thrombosis. Compression and walking versus bed rest in the treatment of proximal deep venous thrombosis with low molecular weight heparin. J Vasc Surg ; 32 : — 9. Bed rest in deep vein thrombosis Thrombophlebitis Geschichte the incidence of scintigraphic pulmonary embolism.
Thromb Haemost ; 82 : — 9. PubMed 52 Aschwanden Trophischen Geschwüren RotlaufLabs KHEngel HSchwob AJeanneret CMueller-Brand JJaeger KA.
Acute deep vein thrombosis: early mobilization does not increase the frequency of pulmonary embolism. Thromb Haemost ; 85 : 42 — 6. Management of venous thromboembolism: past, present, and future. Clinical outcome and cost of hospital vs home treatment of proximal deep vein thrombosis with Thrombophlebitis Geschichte low-molecular-weight heparin: the Vascular Midi-Pyrenees study.
Implementation of outpatient treatment of deep-vein thrombosis in private practices in Germany. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 30 : — Treatment of venous disease — the innovators. J Thrombophlebitis Geschichte Surg ; 20 : — In: Gardon-Mollard CRamelet AAeds. Randomised trial of effect of compression stockings in patients with symptomatic proximal-vein thrombosis. Experimental studies on temporary occlusion of the inferior vena cava.
Surgery ; 36 : — Ligation of the inferior vena cava with absorbable gut. Surg Gynecol Obstet ; : — An experimental evaluation of check this out of the inferior vena cava to prevent pulmonary embolism. Surg Forum ; Thrombophlebitis Geschichte : — 4.
PubMed CAS 62 Gardner AMHarse HR. A self-releasing inferior short, Varizen evlo nennt caval clip. Lancet ; : CrossRef 63 Ravitch MMSnodgrass EMcEnany TRivarola A.
A compartmentalization of the vena cava with the mechanical stapler. Surg Gynecol Obstet ; : — 4. A partially occluding vena caval clip for prevention Thrombophlebitis Geschichte pulmonary embolism. PubMed CAS 65 Moretz WHRhode CShephard MH. Prevention of pulmonary emboli by partial occlusion of the inferior vena cava. Am Surg ; 25 : — PubMed Thrombophlebitis Geschichte 66 Adams JTDeWeese JA.
Partial interruption of the inferior vena cava with a new plastic clip. Surg Gynecol Obstet ; : — 8. J Vasc Surg ; 22 : — 3. A vena caval filter for the prevention of pulmonary embolus.
Surg Forum ; 18 : — Historical reminiscence: origin of the Greenfield filter. Am Surg ; 76 : — A clinical trial of vena caval filters in the prevention of pulmonary embolism in patients with proximal deep-vein thrombosis. Optional vena cava filters: what, why, and when. Vascular ; 15 : — Prophylaxis of pulmonary embolism. A new experimental appraoch with initial results. Arch Surg ; 97 : — Charles Rob, Alfred Nobel and Aphrodite: the development of surgery for venous thromboembolism.
Cardiovasc Surg ; 2 : — PubMed Thrombophlebitis Geschichte 74 Mahorner HThrombophlebitis Geschichte JWColeman WO. Attempts to restore function in Thrombophlebitis Geschichte veins which are the site of massive Thrombophlebitis Geschichte. Remarks concerning venous thrombosis and its sequelae. Surgery ; 41 : 6 — A method for extraction of arterial emboli and thrombi.
Long-term outcome after additional catheter-directed thrombolysis versus standard treatment for acute iliofemoral deep vein thrombosis the CaVenT study : a randomised controlled trial.
Lancet ; : 31 — 8. The origin of thrombolytic therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol ; 14 : — Protamine purification of streptokinase and effect of pH and temperature on reversible inactivation. J Gen Physiol ; 30 : — Ann Surg ; : 12 — The Thrombophlebitis Geschichte of streptokinase-streptodomase in the treatment of postpneumonic empyema. J Thorac Surg ; 21 : — The use of plasmin in Thrombophlebitis Geschichte. Ann N Y Acad Sci ; 30 : — Clinical and experimental studies on fibrinolytic enzymes.
Ann Thrombophlebitis Geschichte Y Acad Sci ; 68 : 97 — Historical perspective and future Thrombophlebitis Geschichte of thrombolysis research: the re-discovery of plasmin. J Thromb Haemost ; 9 : — Treatment of deep vein thrombosis. A trial of heparin, streptokinase, and arvin.
Long-term sequelae of calf vein thrombosis treated with heparin or low-dose streptokinase. Acta Med Scand ; : — Thrombophlebitis Geschichte I treat postthrombotic syndrome.
Blood ; : — Healthcare burden associated with the post-thrombotic syndrome and potential impact of the new oral anticoagulants. Eur J Haematol ; 88 : — Prevention of post-thrombotic syndrome: a case for new oral anticoagulant drugs or for heparins? J Thromb Haemost ; 10 : — 3. Circulation ; 97 : — 4. Aspirin for preventing the recurrence of venous thromboembolism. A randomized trial of rosuvastatin in the prevention Thrombophlebitis Geschichte venous die erlaubt Krampf. An association between atherosclerosis and venous thrombosis.
- Es betäubt das gesamte Bein Varizen
Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "superficial thrombophlebitis " von Östrogenen in der Geschichte); Familie Hyperlipoproteinämie, Pankreatitis.
- Literatur Thrombophlebitis
Hydrogenated oil is not a synonym for trans fat: complete hydrogenation removes all unsaturated fats. History. The examples and perspective in this article may not.
- die Behandlung von Krampfadern in Irkutsk
Hydrogenated oil is not a synonym for trans fat: complete hydrogenation removes all unsaturated fats. History. The examples and perspective in this article may not.
- Gele für Krampfadern Bewertungen
Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit " carcinoma spinocellulare" – Deutsch -Englisch Wörterbuch Englisch-Deutsch. thrombophlebitis (auch in der Geschichte).
- Varizen Mitglied Fotos
Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "superficial thrombophlebitis " von Östrogenen in der Geschichte); Familie Hyperlipoproteinämie, Pankreatitis.